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A Look at the Average American Budget – and How the Average American Can Start Saving More
Recently, I saw this infographic about the average American budget in 2013 and it left me thinking about the stories people tell about their money.
It’s no secret that many people live paycheck to paycheck. 76% of Americans live paycheck to paycheck, which definitely includes a lot of people earning both more and less than the average American.
It stands to reason that the budget of the average American has things that can be cut, if people below that level can make it. It also stands to reason that everyone can learn something useful about what can be cut.
The challenge is that many people don’t like the idea of cutting back. The idea of trimming spending sounds miserable and many people just reject the idea without thinking about it. They “deserve” what they have.
In truth, most of our spending is practically invisible to us. When we think about “cutting back,” we usually think about losing things that make up only a tiny fraction of our household expenses. It’s that large majority of expenses that we just quietly pay without thinking about it that kills us.
That’s what I see in the average American budget. I see a lot of expenses that have little to do with day-to-day quality of life and, in that, I see a lot of room to cut back on things without impacting daily quality of life. In fact, I see more than enough room in there to open the door to building an emergency fund, paying off debt, and saving for retirement. Let’s take a look.
The Average American
Here are the details, straight from the source data:
The average American household earns $63,784 before taxes, which amounts to bringing home $51,100.
From that amount, they spend $9,004 on transportation, $6,602 on food (of which $2,625 is spent at restaurants and $3,977 is spent on food eaten at home), $5,528 on insurance and pensions, $1,604 on clothes, $2,482 on entertainment, $17,148 on housing, $3,631 on health care, $1,834 on cash contributions (donations and legally required spousal and child support), and $3,267 on other expenditures.
The average household in this picture consists of 2.5 people, of which 1.3 are earning an income. An average household owns 1.9 vehicles and 63.7% are homeowners.
What was my takeaway from this? First, there isn’t much money here set aside for savings. It’s a fraction of that “other expenditures” category, and a small fraction at that.
Second, there doesn’t seem to be a huge amount of wasted money. You might expect that, if a person isn’t saving money, that they’re really wasting it. They’re not. There isn’t a bunch of obvious fat to cut here.
So, how does the average person find a way to save? Let’s do some math.
The average household consists of 2.5 people, who spend $6,602 on food per year. Let’s assume that a person eats three meals a day, 365 days a year. That adds up to 2,737.5 meals a year for that average family.
In other words, the average American spends $2.41 per average meal.
Now, let’s say that average American family can shave just $0.10 off of their average meal. You can do that by eating out one fewer time every other week or eating a super cheap supper one night a week – it doesn’t take much to cut that average cost. You can do things like ordering water with your meal or buying generic ketchup to make up that difference.
Over the course of a year, that adds up to $274 in savings. That’s right – save just a dime in the cost of your average meal and you’ll save hundreds per year.
The housing amount given here – $17,148 – goes beyond just the cost of rent but also includes basic utilities, insurance, and taxes. Since these are all lumped together into one category, it’s hard to figure out how much comes from where, but we can find information from other sources.
For example, the EIA states that the average monthly electricity usage in the United States adds up to $110.20 per month. That adds up to $1,322.40 per year. Now, if you can just trim a few dollars off of that average energy bill, with simple steps like switching gradually to LED light bulbs or opening your windows instead of running the air conditioning, you’re saving quite a bit of money. Saving $10 a month on your energy use adds up to $120 a year.
The average homeowners insurance premium, on the other hand, is $952 per year, according to Value Penguin. This is something you can easily shop around on, so if you can trim off just $50 on your insurance by finding a new insurer, that’s $50 more a year.
If you’re looking for a big change, housing affords some great opportunities for big savings. When you move, look for a smaller place rather than a bigger one. It reduces your rent/mortgage, your insurance, and your taxes. If you can just trim 10% off of your annual housing total as an average American, you’re saving $1,714 per year.
The average household spends $2,482 a year on entertainment, and I’m guessing that some of the “other expenses” might fall into this category, too. To break this down, this adds up to a little over $200 a month spent on entertainment.
Again, you don’t have to trim very much to notice a real difference. Just choose a few different things, like borrowing DVDs from the library instead of hitting Redbox or having your friends over for dinner instead of going out on the town or checking out a book from the library instead of buying one or going to a free community event to entertain yourself for the evening.
It doesn’t take a whole lot of effort to trim $20 a month from your entertainment spending – literally just a 10% cut – and that adds up to $240 a year saved.
The average American spends $9,004 on transportation this year. This includes the cost of cars, the cost of fuel, the cost of car maintenance, and things like airline and train trips, too.
As with other parts of the budget, it’s not really hard to find ways to cut back here. If you drive 15,000 miles a year and replace your 20 miles per gallon car with a 25 miles per gallon car, with gas at $3 a gallon, that’s a savings of $450 a year.
If you shop around for your auto insurance and manage to save just $10 a month on your insurance package, that’s $120 in savings per year.
Mass transit is a huge money saver for people who live in cities, so if you can find opportunities to use that instead of commuting to work, it’s going to save you money, too.
What Does It Add Up To?
If you did all of the changes listed in this article – none of which are big changes – you’d save $2,700 a year. That’s more than 5% of a person’s average annual take-home pay in the United States.
The key thing to remember here is that none of the changes I’ve suggested are radical. For the most part, they’re things you can do once and then just forget about them without any real alteration to how you live your life. The only difference is that you suddenly have more than $200 more per month.
That $200 per month can make a big difference. It can turn a situation where you’re struggling to handle your debts to a situation where you’re steadily paying them off. It can turn a situation where you’re not saving anything for retirement to a situation where you can designate 6% of your paycheck to go into your 401(k) without batting an eye. It can help you build an emergency fund quickly where one didn’t exist before.
The question is what’s more important to you? Eating out for the third time this week? Paying extra for car insurance? Driving a car with terrible fuel efficiency? Or having an emergency fund? Saving for retirement? Getting rid of debt?
The choice is up to you.