Just as I wouldn’t teach someone to ride a bicycle using a racing bike with thin tires and 20 gears, I wouldn’t recommend a first-time credit card holder apply for a costly travel rewards card with dozens of features and benefits. It’s also unlikely that someone new to credit would be approved for that type of card. Instead, those who are new to credit cards should focus on finding a simple card with low rates and fees, and perhaps modest rewards — think of it as a credit card with training wheels. The cards below are a great place to get started.
Best First Credit Cards for 2020
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As a credit card expert who studies and writes about this industry full-time, I’m regularly asked to recommend credit cards to my family and friends. I’m often asked what type of card to get first, whether it should earn rewards, and how many cards to apply for. Unfortunately, there is no one answer that applies to everyone; ultimately the right card will depend on the person using it. But, in general, I recommend those new to credit apply for a card with low interest rates and fees and simple rewards. These cards are often designed for applicants with little credit history, and are a perfect way to start using credit and learning how to manage it responsibly.
The Discover it® Cash Back is an excellent choice for first-time cardholders. As with many credit cards, the interest rate you receive will vary based on your credit score when you apply, but this card has no penalty interest rate. (Most other credit cards will increase your interest rate after a payment is missed.)
Discover also offers a free monthly FICO score to everyone, even those who are not customers. Keeping track of your credit score each month allows you to spot minor problems before they become serious, but as your credit score improves, you’ll be able to upgrade to a better card with more rewards and lower interest rates. Another feature that Discover is known for is its 100% US-based customer service, which draws raves from everyone I know, and has resulted in customer service awards.
This card features rewards in the form of 5% cash back at different places each quarter like grocery stores, restaurants, gas stations, select rideshares and online shopping, up to the quarterly maximum when you activate. Plus, 1% unlimited cash back automatically on all other purchases. And with all of its cards, Discover is currently matching the rewards earned during your first year as a customer. At the end of that year, you will receive a cash back bonus equal to the rewards you’ve already earned.
Those who’ve had problems with their credit in the past should apply for the , and students are offered their own versions of this card called the .
As another card offered to those with “fair” or “average” credit, the Capital One® Platinum Credit Card is another good choice for those who need to build or rebuild credit. New customers receive a modest initial credit limit, but you can receive access to a higher credit line after making your first five monthly payments on time, through Capital One’s Credit Steps program. This gradual increase can act as a set of training wheels for first-time credit card users to learn how to use credit responsibly. It also offers unlimited access to your credit score and tools to help you monitor your credit profile with its CreditWise online tool. Other benefits include extended warranty coverage and price protection policies as well as 24-hour travel assistance and roadside assistance referrals, although you will be responsible for paying for any services received.
This card has no annual fee and a standard variable interest rate. And like all Capital One cards, there are never any foreign transaction fees imposed on purchases made outside of the United States.
What should you look for in your first credit card?
The first thing to look for is a card that’s designed for someone with your credit profile; this increases the likelihood that your application will be approved. For those new to credit, this means a card that is marketed to people with “fair” or “average” credit scores (between 650 and 699). However, if you’ve had serious credit problems in the past, then you will have to apply for a card that is designed for those with “poor” or “rebuilding” credit (scores below 650). If you don’t know your credit score, there are many free services to get it, such as Discover’s Credit Scorecard with FICO Score.
Next, look for a card with low interest rates and fees, including annual fees, late fees, and foreign transaction fees. And, while credit cards designed for new users usually have higher interest rates than those marketed to customers with “good” or “excellent” credit, you can still look for a credit card that offers a competitive interest rate. For first-time credit card applicants with fair or average credit, you should expect to find interest rates between 20% and 25%.
Other features worth comparing are cardholder benefits such as purchase protection and travel insurance. For example, most credit cards offer car rental insurance, which lets you forgo the expensive insurance offered by the car rental company, and many cards feature an extended warranty policy that can add a year to the manufacturer’s coverage. This is a great way to extend the warranty on expensive electronics and appliances without paying extra for the retailer’s added coverage option.
Finally, some may want a card that offers rewards. While there are not many reward cards that make sense for first-time credit card users, there are some, like the Discover it® Cash Back and the Barclaycard Rewards MasterCard®. I’m cautious about recommending reward credit cards to new cardholders, though, since the opportunity to earn rewards sometimes incentivizes overspending. As someone new to credit, your first priority should be building credit by managing your card responsibly, not earning rewards. After a year of responsible credit card use, those who always avoid interest by paying their monthly statement in full should have no problem qualifying for a card with better rewards programs.
First-time credit card users
In general, I find that there are generally three different types of people looking for their first credit card. The first and most common type of new credit card users are college students, young adults, and recent immigrants who have little or no experience with credit cards or other kinds of loans. In the credit card industry, these consumers with few entries in their credit reports are referred to as having a “thin file.” These cardholders should look for a basic card or one designed specifically for students.
The second type are adults who have been avoiding credit cards throughout their life. For example, many in the so-called Millennial generation grew up during the Great Recession and the corresponding consumer credit crisis. After watching millions of Americans lose their homes to foreclosure (possibly even their own family members), they have decided that the best way to stay out of debt would be to never open up a credit card account. But eventually, most find that a credit card is essential to building the credit history needed to qualify for good rates on a car loan or home mortgage. These cardholders likely have decent credit, but will want a simple card with which to learn the ropes.
The third group of people are those who have had problems in the past with other forms of credit, and are now looking to apply for their first credit card as a way of improving their credit history and raising their credit score. Since a credit card is often the only form of credit they can qualify for, it’s seen as the first rung of the ladder they need to climb in order to rebuild their credit history. Nevertheless, these cardholders will only qualify for a special type of credit card called a secured card.
Tips for applying for your first credit card
It can be intimidating to apply for your first credit card. The application can be long, and you might be unsure of how to answer some questions. When it comes to the question about your income, it’s important to remember that you can include many different sources of income, not just employment. For example, you can include government benefits such as Social Security as well as any investments, small business income, child support, or alimony payments that you receive. In addition, you can also include the income of your spouse or domestic partner, so long as you have access to it. The higher your income, the higher the credit limit for which you’ll qualify. In addition, make sure that the information you supply is as accurate as possible, as your application can be denied if it doesn’t match up with your credit history.
And, if for some reason your application isn’t initially approved, you shouldn’t accept the decision as final. You can actually call the card issuer and ask a representative to re-examine your application and reconsider it.
Managing your first credit card account
First, you should always go over every charge on your statement to ensure it’s both legitimate and accurate. Thankfully, credit cards come with very strong protections against fraud, but you still have to report any fraudulent transactions to your card issuer in order to have the charges reversed.
Secondly, you must make a payment to your account each month that you have an outstanding balance. The payment must be at least the minimum payment, though paying in full should always be your first choice, and it must be received on or before the statement’s due date. Here, I prefer making payments by using my bank’s electronic bill pay features. However, others prefer to enable automatic payments through their card issuer, which can be the safest method of payment for new credit card users in that it’s unlikely you’ll miss a payment. If you decide not to use automatic bill payments, then you might wish to enable electronic reminders via text or email, a feature that most card issuers now offer. The main thing to remember: Pay in full and pay on time.
How you can avoid credit card debt
When it comes time to schedule your first payment, the most important decision you will have to make is how much to pay. By far, the best way to manage a credit card account is to always pay its entire statement balance each month. When you do so, you will never incur costly interest charges, but it also has a few other advantages. Paying your statement balance in full each month also means that you will never have a problem with credit card debt. In addition, making on-time payments means that you will quickly build a strong credit history.
Avoiding debt is a great habit to be in as it forces you to live entirely within your means. Those who choose to carry a balance on their credit cards tend to rationalize their decision by citing the importance of their purchases, but that becomes a slippery slope. Eventually, many credit card users get into the habit of regularly carrying a balance, often because they have gotten carried away when shopping, going out with friends, or taking a vacation. For example, if you spent $150 at the grocery store, it will actually cost you over $190 if you pay it off over two years, with an interest rate of 25%. So even though you are only paying $8 a month for your minimum payment, you end up paying much more for your groceries overall.
By deciding in advance that you will always pay your credit card statement balances in full, it forces you to immediately consider how each purchase will affect your bank account, and to look at your credit card as just another method of payment, not a means of finance.
The Bottom Line
Receiving your first credit card is both an incredible opportunity and a huge responsibility. By choosing the right card, you can enjoy the security and convenience that credit cards offer while utilizing valuable benefits and even earning rewards. And by using your new credit card responsibly, you can build your credit history, increase your credit score, and make it easier to qualify for a car loan or home mortgage with great rates. This can be a fantastic opportunity, but it’s up to you to make the right decisions.Please Note: Information about the Discover it® Cash Back and Capital One® Platinum Credit Card have been collected independently by TheSimpleDollar.com. The issuer did not provide the details, nor is it responsible for their accuracy.
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