Do You Need Rental Car Insurance?

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It may be tempting to opt out of the rental car insurance offered at the rental counter, but it’s important to make sure you have some sort of car rental insurance coverage first. Should you ever find yourself in a position where you have to file an insurance claim on a rental car, the coverage can be the difference between simply talking to your insurance company or being responsible for costly repairs.

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Did you know that it is not necessary to get rental car insurance from your rental car company? In many cases if you already own a car, your personal car insurance policy can extend to rental cars. Or, depending on your credit card, one of the benefits could include rental car insurance. That means you might be able to decline the expensive insurance offered at the counter and save a bit of money.

We’ll break down the different aspects of rental car insurance, ways you could save money, and what you need to know to make an informed decision.

Do I need rental car insurance?

Rental car companies typically offer insurance via a loss damage waiver or collision damage waiver (LDW or CDW). This type of insurance is important because it covers you in the event that your rental car is damaged in a collision, stolen or vandalized. With this waiver, the car rental company won’t pursue you for repairs and losses.

However, this kind of rental car insurance is often, though not always, redundant if you have certain coverages on your regular insurance policies. Following the steps below can help you determine whether you’re already covered, and if additional rental car insurance is actually a waste of money for you.

Check your regular car insurance policy

If you’re like most people, you may already be covered under your everyday driver’s policy. Review your personal car insurance policy coverage types and limits to see if it includes any sort of loss damage waiver or collision damage waiver for rental cars.

  • Do you have adequate liability insurance? Most standard policies have liability coverage, which is usually required by state law and helps pay for others’ medical costs and property damage when you’re at fault in a crash. This liability insurance typically carries over when you’re driving a rental car, so if you’re comfortable with the level of coverage you have, you can usually pass on supplemental liability. Some personal car insurance policies may have supplemental liability coverage to cover any damage caused by you while you’re driving a rental car. Supplemental liability coverage may also pay for medical expenses of those hurt in an accident you caused.
  • Do you have comprehensive and collision coverage? Fewer people (especially those with older cars) have comprehensive and collision coverage. Comprehensive coverage insures your car against non-driving-related calamities such as theft, fire, or vandalism. Collision coverage helps pay for damage to your car from a crash, whatever the cause may be. Many people drop these pricey coverages once it no longer makes sense to make major repairs to an aging, high-mileage vehicle. If you have comprehensive and collision, you may consider declining the rental company’s loss damage waiver.
  • Do you have personal injury protection? Check whether your car insurance policy includes personal injury protection that would pay the medical expenses for you and your passengers in a car accident where you’re at fault.

Check your health insurance policy

If you have adequate health insurance, your policy would typically pay the medical costs for you and your passengers if you’re hurt in a rental car crash. This is especially true if you also have medical payments and/or personal injury protection through your regular car insurance. If this is not something your health insurance policy will cover, personal accident insurance covers medical costs for you and your passengers if you’re hurt in a rental car crash.

Check your homeowners insurance or renters insurance policy

It’s always worth double-checking, but your homeowners insurance or renters insurance policy should cover your belongings wherever you take them, even if they’re stolen from a rental car. That means it’s usually safe to decline the rental company’s personal effects coverage, which would pay for the loss of any personal items that are damaged in a rental car or stolen from a rental car.

Just be sure to note the limits of your personal coverage, which may require extra riders for certain valuables such as expensive jewelry.

Check your travel insurance

If you’ve purchased travel insurance for your trip, see whether car rental collision coverage is included. This kind of coverage is typically similar to what the rental company’s loss damage waiver would take care of, sometimes at a lower cost.

You’ll want to check whether the coverage is primary or secondary, however. Primary means you won’t have to involve your own car insurance company in the event of a problem. Secondary means that your own insurance company is on the hook first before the travel insurance coverage kicks in.

Check your credit card benefits

Some level of rental car insurance is a fringe benefit offered by many credit card companies as long as you pay for the rental with your card. If you lost the guide to card benefits that your company sent along with the card, call the company or go online to verify these benefits.

Specific car rental insurance benefits will vary by company and card. You may only be covered for a certain period of time, such as for 15 or 30 consecutive days, and the amount of collision damage will be capped at different amounts, such as $25,000 or $50,000.

Theft and towing costs are commonly covered, but personal property and medical benefits are less common. Some companies will cover loss of use charges whereas others will not. It’s common for card companies to exclude certain vehicles, such as very expensive luxury cars or full-size vans, as well as costs incurred in certain countries that are higher-risk for drivers.

Note that most credit card benefits provide only secondary rental car insurance coverage. Like some kinds of travel insurance coverage, these benefits will only fill in the gaps for costs not covered by your personal car insurance. You’ll also usually have to decline the rental car company’s coverage to take advantage of any of these benefits.

Types of rental car coverage

Here’s how to decode rental car coverage:

  • Loss/collision damage waiver: The loss damage waiver, or LDW, is sometimes called the collision damage waiver, or CDW. The LDW lets you off the hook for costs if your rental car is stolen, vandalized, or damaged in a crash. This may include loss of use charges, which rental car companies charge to make up for lost profits when they must repair a vehicle.
  • Liability: Sometimes called supplemental liability insurance, or SLI, rental liability insurance covers you if you damage other vehicles or property while driving the rental car. It can also pay medical expenses for others who are hurt in a crash you caused.
  • Personal accident insurance: Personal accident insurance, or PAI, covers medical costs for you and your passengers if you’re hurt in a rental car crash.
  • Personal effects coverage: Personal effects coverage, or PEC, covers you if any personal items are stolen from or damaged in your rental car.

Standalone policies for rental cars

If you do not carry rental car insurance as a benefit on your other insurance policies or credit cards and you want to skip the policy offered at the rental desk, you can purchase your own standalone policy. You may also want a standalone policy for rental car insurance coverage if your personal car insurance coverage limits are low.

If you rent cars often and want your own standalone policy, here are a few of your coverage provider options.

  • Allianz: Allianz is a popular provider of travel insurance. The company offers a policy called, “Rental Car Damage Protector,” that provides up to $40,000 in coverage with 24-hour emergency assistance for $9 per day with almost-worldwide coverage. This policy includes coverage of up to $1,000 for lost or damaged baggage, a $40,000 collision damage waiver to cover your rental car if it’s stolen or damaged in an accident or if it’s parked.
  • Insure My Rental Car: Insure My Rental Car offers annual and daily rental insurance policies with up to $100,000 collision damage and loss damage waiver with zero deductible for damage caused to the rental car. Policies start at $6 per day. Insure My Rental Car coverage begins automatically and in the event of an accident, there’s no need to submit a claim to your personal car insurance company. This provider does not insure in Iowa, Massachusetts, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Virginia and Washington.
  • Bonzah: Bonzah offers comprehensive damage waivers up to $35,000 as low as $7.99 per day to cover damage from a crash, theft or vandalism. It also covers damages caused by bad weather such as windstorm, fire, hail and flooding.
  • Sure: Sure offers $100,000 in rental car insurance coverage in the event of an accident or theft as well as protection against lost keys, flat tires and damage from driving with the wrong fuel. It will also pay towing expenses.

It is important to remember that the rental car company may insist that you pay a damage claim upfront if you opt for insurance other than what they offer. Your insurance would be used to reimburse this claim, which is typically charged to your credit card. If you plan to use a debit card to secure your rental, you may have to either purchase the offered insurance policy or provide a credit card in case of damages.

What does rental car insurance cost?

Rental car insurance costs vary by company and coverage, but one thing’s for sure: It isn’t cheap. You may pay $10 to $30 a day for a loss damage waiver alone. If you opt for supplemental liability, add another $10 or so. Personal accident insurance and personal effects coverage could add another $5 each to your tab.

Add everything together, and you could easily pay as much as $30 a day to be fully covered by rental car insurance. Considering that you can often rent an economy car for not much more than that—and sometimes less, if you get a good deal—that kind of daily tab for rental car insurance is a tough pill to swallow.

When should you get rental car insurance?

Though we wouldn’t recommend purchasing rental car insurance when you’re already covered, there are some common situations where this pricey add-on might make sense. Here are a few:

  • You don’t have car insurance, or what you have is bare bones: If you don’t have car insurance, you have very high deductibles, or you don’t have comprehensive and collision, you’ll probably want to think about at least opting for the rental company’s loss damage waiver. If you have no car insurance at all, you’ll also need to spring for supplemental liability.
  • You’re traveling for business: If you’re mixing business and pleasure and your company won’t cover rental car insurance, talk to your own car insurance agent about whether your policy will protect you. If you’re renting a car primarily for business, your personal car insurance may not cover you at all.
  • You’re driving a rental car abroad: Chances are your car insurance won’t cover you most places outside the U.S. While your credit card may still offer some protection, you’ll want to make sure that the country where you’re traveling isn’t specifically excluded from benefits. You’ll often be out of luck in many popular destinations, including Italy, Ireland, and Australia.
  • You’re worried about a rental car incident affecting your personal insurance rates: It’s one of the most frustrating parts of insurance: File a claim, and your rates could go up. The same holds true if your claim involves a rental car — but in this case, you don’t need to worry if you buy the rental car insurance.
  • You want peace of mind at any cost: For some, the knowledge that they don’t need to worry may be enough to sign on the dotted line for rental car insurance regardless of the coverage they may already have. If worrying about your rental car will otherwise cast a cloud over your trip, by all means, get rental car insurance coverage.

Frequently asked questions

Do credit cards offer rental car insurance?

Yes, some credit cards offer rental car insurance. These are a few of the best credit cards with rental car insurance:

  • Chase Sapphire Preferred®️ Card
  • Chase Sapphire Reserve®️
  • United MileagePlus®️ Club Card
  • The Platinum Card®️ from American Express
  • Hilton Honors Aspire Credit Card from American Express
  • Ink Business Preferred Credit Card
  • CitiBusiness®️/AAdvantage®️ Platinum Select®️ World Mastercard®️
  • American Express®️ Blue Business Cash Card

What is a loss damage waiver?

If you purchase a loss damage waiver (LDW) or collision damage waiver (CDW) when renting a car, you won’t be liable for damages including repairs and other costs if your rented car is in an accident, damaged, lost, stolen or vandalized.

How do you file an insurance claim on a rental car?

The claims process is the same for a rental car as it is for a privately-owned car, except that in addition to contacting the insurance companies of the drivers in the accident, you’ll also need to notify the rental car company.

Saundra Latham is a personal finance writer and editor. Her work has appeared in The Simple Dollar, Business Insider, USA Today, The Motley Fool, Livestrong and elsewhere.