VA Loan Funding Fees, Explained

VA loans are special types of mortgage available to active service members, veterans and their families. These mortgages are administered through the United States Department of Veteran Affairs (VA). The aim of VA loans is to make purchasing a home easier for service members as there is no need for a down payment.

Since 1944, VA loans have helped over 22 million military members purchase homes. Since the government backs VA loans, the rates you pay are much better than that of a traditional loan. This means that military members can save significant costs on purchasing a home.

While VA loans don’t require mortgage insurance, a one-time VA loan funding fee is required instead. This VA funding fee can be paid either upfront or rolled into the mortgage.

What is a VA loan fund fee?

Most VA loans come with a VA funding fee attached. This fee goes directly into the Department of Veterans Affairs and helps back VA loans for future members. The fund helps to cover losses and maintain the loan guarantee program for future service member home buyers.

The VA loan funding fee exists in place of traditional mortgage insurance. With no private mortgage insurance to pay out, military members can save hundreds of dollars a month, making VA loans a no-brainer for most military members over traditional mortgages and loans.

The VA loan funding fee can be paid at the start of your VA loan or rolled out into the mortgage itself. The latter could make it more manageable to pay off. The fees can also differ depending on whether this is your first home or whether you are a repeat buyer.

[Read: Best VA Loans of 2020]

How much is a VA loan fund fee?

The VA loan fund fee varies in cost depending on the mortgage lender and your situation. The fee for first-time buyers is usually 2.3% of your loan cost if you have no down payment. If you are a repeat home buyer, then these fees are usually 3.6%. However, the VA fee can be less if you have a down payment, which can help you save some money.

If you want to save some money on your VA loan funding fee, then a down payment of 5.0% of the house value can decrease the cost by 0.65% if you are a first-time buyer. And if you put down at least 10%, you could see a decrease by up to 0.90% on your home payment.

Take a look at the VA funding fee chart below for an idea of the VA loan funding fee amounts for 2020:

funding fees
First-time buyer Less than 5% 2.3%
5% or more 1.65%
10% or more 1.4%
Repeat buyer Less than 5% 3.6%
5% or more 1.65%
10% or more 1.4%

VA funding fee exemptions

Not every service member will have to pay the VA funding fee on top of their loan. Those who qualify for the VA Funding Fee exemption include:

  • Veterans who receive compensation for service-related disabilities
  • Veterans who are not yet receiving compensation and are still on active duty
  • Those who receive disability compensation if they did not receive retirement pay
  • Veterans who are eligible to receive compensation based on a pre-discharge exam
  • Purple Heart recipients
  • Surviving spouses who are eligible for a VA loan

Good news: you don’t have to pay out of pocket

The great thing about a VA loan is that your out-of-pocket expenses can be quite minimal. There is no down payment required, which is usually the main barrier to buying a house. However, if you can put a down payment on the home, this is recommended because you can save money on the VA loan funding fee.

The VA loan funding fee also does not need to be paid upfront. Instead, you can choose to pay the VA loan funding fee by including it in your mortgage costs. This means you will be able to pay it off over time instead. This option ideal for those who would rather avoid lump-sum payments when they are buying a home. However, attaching the fee to your mortgage means that your loan’s monthly cost will be slightly higher. This is something you will need to weigh up before you agree to a VA loan.

If you prefer to get the VA loan funding fee out of the way, you can also choose to pay the full fee upfront at the time of closing. This method will ensure your monthly mortgage costs are lower because you won’t need to continue paying the fee.

[Read: What Are Closing Costs and How Much Will You Pay?]

Other closing costs you could pay

There is a chance that you will need to pay some closing costs that aren’t included in the VA mortgage calculation. This could include origination fees or fees for credit reports or other services. This origination fee is limited, though, so it won’t be more than 1% of the loan amount.

However, the good news is that there are some fees you won’t have to pay. The Department of Veterans Affairs ensures you won’t have to pay certain additional charges. These include a lender’s attorney service fee, settlement charges or mortgage broker commissions. This is one of the many benefits of getting a VA loan for your property purchase.

Too long, didn’t read?

VA loans are a very convenient way for service members to purchase a home. While the VA loan funding fee does add costs to your home purchase, it usually works out as much less than private mortgage insurance. In most cases, it is the best way for service members and families to get into the housing market. Here are our final takeaways:

  • While it may cost less than regular mortgage insurance and loans, it’s still a good idea to keep costs down
  • The best way to reduce your VA loan fund fee is to have a down payment ready to put on your home
  • Since the payment is not essential, it offers great flexibility for home buyers
  • If putting a down payment isn’t possible, spread the cost of your loan funding fee across the period of your mortgage to make payments much easier

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Kara Copple
Kara Copple
Contributing writer

Kara Copple is a writer who specializes in business, finance and marketing industries.

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  • Andrea Perez
    Andrea Perez
    Personal Finance Editor

    Andrea Perez is an editor at The Simple Dollar specializing in personal finance. Prior to that she specialized in digital marketing content for online learning websites. She holds a master’s degree in journalism and media studies from the University of South Florida.

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