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Seven Things Not to Skimp on When Building Your Emergency Fund
The prevailing wisdom among personal finance experts has long been that one should have at least three to six months of living expenses set aside.
While reducing household spending is a popular way to reach that goal (and a good habit in general), experts also say there are certain areas you should never cut back on in pursuit of accumulating savings — because doing so will likely cost you more in the long run.
To help you find the right balance in this important effort, we asked experts to identify the areas where it’s best not to pinch pennies in pursuit of bulking up that emergency savings account. Here’s what they had to say.
Maintaining your health is the foundation upon which everything else is built. This is a fundamental truth. To that end, finance experts suggest not cutting corners in this area simply to put more money into your emergency fund.
“Health insurance is especially easy to neglect, particularly when you’re young, because you’re less likely to think about health issues,” said Scott Goldberg, president of Bankers Life. “If you’re saving for a well-deserved trip, however, you won’t be able to enjoy it if you’re not healthy or need to pay for unexpected health expenses.”
While health insurance is expensive, it can also end up saving your livelihood in the long run, said Goldberg.
According to National Health Expenditure data from the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS), the average working-age American spends approximately $10,739 per year on health expenses.
“Every individual and every family needs to determine their individual balance between building up their savings and spending money on health insurance,” continued Goldberg. “Do your research on what option is best for you and your loved ones, your medical history, along with your income and living expenses.”
In addition to the direct, life-saving benefits of maintaining appropriate health insurance, knowing that you have adequate coverage provides peace of mind, added Goldberg, who says the sense of comfort that comes from being prepared is immeasurable.
“No longer will you have to spend your days worrying about how you will pay for unexpected health care costs,” he said, pointing to National Institute of Mental Health data indicating that poor mental health or depression affects physical health and could lead to fatigue, unplanned weight gain or loss, aches, pains, and even digestive problems.
Bottom line, says Goldberg: Building up your savings is important, but don’t sacrifice your physical or mental well being by scrimping on health insurance. It isn’t worth it. In fact, it may cause you to visit the doctor more frequently, costing more money in the long run.
Credit Card Payments
You may be laser-focused on building a healthy emergency fund, but don’t forget to continue paying down your credit cards. While making at least the minimum payment will keep your credit score from suffering, most experts say you should be trying to pay them off as aggressively as possible, even if that means it will take longer to build your e-fund.
“While on one side, building savings will prevent you from sliding further into debt, many people will revert to making minimum payments on consumer debt like credit cards that are accruing at a rate of 15% and up,” said Emily Boothroyd, a private wealth advisor with Price Financial Group. “It’s a good idea to build savings, but it’s more important to pay down debt that’s accruing at rates that exceed what any investment is doing.”
- Read more: 74 Million Americans Have More Credit Card Debt Than Savings: What to Do If You’re One of Them
Vehicle Purchases, Maintenance, and Insurance
From the initial purchase to the insurance and maintenance, it’s important to make wise choices about automobile expenditures and not cut corners too much in critical areas.
That doesn’t mean you should go out and buy a Land Rover or a Volvo just because they’re of higher quality than, say, a Hyundai. But it does mean focusing on reliability, and not just picking up the cheapest clunker you can find.
“Buying a cheaper car can save money initially, but be careful not to get a junker that needs major repairs immediately or in the near future,” said Ben Watson, a CPA and CFO of DollarSprout.com.
Similarly, while it’s a good idea to shop around and try to save money on your car insurance, it can be tempting to opt for a policy that barely covers the minimum requirements in your state. That’s not necessarily the wisest approach, says Jacob Dayan, CEO and co-founder of Finance Pal.
“This amount of coverage will not be nearly enough to cover the cost of a major accident, and it will cost you far more than the additional dollars on your premium,” said Dayan. “In the unfortunate circumstance that you need it, you’ll be thankful that you didn’t skimp on coverage.”
Finally, don’t let your vehicle’s maintenance schedule slide, either. Skipping oil changes and tire rotations that keep your car in good working order just to put an extra $40 in your emergency savings is simply penny wise and pound foolish.
Retirement can seem like a distant horizon, intangible at best, making it easy to justify cutting back on such things as 401(k) contributions. However (and you know what’s coming here, right?), that’s not generally a wise approach — especially if it means missing out on free money.
“The amount of compound interest lost by stopping the inflow to your retirement can far outweigh the money needed immediately,” explained Watson. “Contribute at least the amount to get the full employer match if there is one, so that you’re not missing out on free money.”
Scaling back on retirement contributions for just a short amount of time can help boost your emergency fund, Watson said. But if you take this approach, he added, be sure to set a clear timeline for when you plan to bump those contributions back up, and strive to max out the contribution limits each year to maximize your savings and tax breaks.
Essential Home Repairs
Owning a house is an investment, so you want to take care of it like one, says Holly Peterson, owner of Elite Retirement Strategies.
This means not ignoring small issues, as they can often grow into bigger, more expensive problems.
“Water can do a lot of damage to a house, so you should make sure that your gutters are working properly and not clogged and always replace roof tiles that are missing or damaged,” said Peterson. “If you don’t take care of these properly, it could lead to water getting into your house causing mold and rot within your walls.”
One last area to consider brings the discussion full circle: allotting enough money each month to fund a healthy diet is essential to maintaining good health.
“Eating healthy is an area of your life you should never sacrifice to speed up savings,” says Jacqueline Gilchrist, creator of Mom Money Map. “While it’s tempting to constantly purchase cheaper food, such as those with preservatives and additives, or filler food like bread, this will also lead to health issues, which will most likely cost you more in the long run.”
Eating healthy doesn’t have to bust your budget or your savings goals for that matter; it can actually be less expensive. For example, preparing meals at home, where you’re in control of the ingredients, can be both healthier and cheaper than eating out. And opting for meatless Mondays or a vegetable-centered diet can improve your health and trim costs at the same time.
Prioritizing a healthy diet, however, should be approached with reason. It doesn’t mean it’s OK to spend $12 on a green juice every day while you make $15 minimum payments on high-interest credit cards, adds Boothroyd.
“It means that you don’t have to revert to eating ramen every day in order to build up 12 months’ of savings over a six-month time frame,” she said.
- Read more: The Truly Frugal Diet
Mia Taylor is an award-winning journalist with more than two decades of experience. She has worked for some of the nation’s best-known news organizations, including the Atlanta Journal-Constitution and the San Diego Union-Tribune.